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International Patent Filing: Safeguard Your Innovations Worldwide

Innovation drives progress, and safeguarding your groundbreaking ideas is crucial for success. Whether you’re an inventor or a startup, understanding the intricacies of patents internationally can be the key to protecting your intellectual property on a global scale. In this blog post, we’ll explore the importance of patents filed internationally, the process involved, and how you can effectively protect your inventions worldwide.

The Importance of Patents for Inventors and Startups

Patents play a vital role in the innovation ecosystem. They grant inventors exclusive rights to their creations, preventing others from making, using, or selling the invention without permission. For startups, patents can be a powerful asset, attracting investors and providing a competitive edge in the market. By securing patents internationally, you ensure your innovation is protected not just locally, but globally.

A robust patent portfolio can significantly increase your company’s valuation. It shows potential investors and partners that you have taken steps to protect your intellectual property, which is often a key factor in investment decisions. Furthermore, having patents in multiple countries can open up new markets, allowing you to expand your business reach and tap into global opportunities.

Lastly, patents can act as a deterrent to competitors. Knowing that your innovation is protected by international patents can discourage others from trying to replicate or infringe upon your work. This protection allows you to focus on further development and commercialization without the constant fear of unauthorized use.

Understanding the International Patent Application Process

Common Steps Needed to File an International Patent

Filing an international patent application can be a complex and multifaceted process, but understanding the common steps involved can help streamline your efforts:

  1. Conduct a Thorough Patent Search: Before filing patent applications, it’s crucial to conduct a comprehensive patent search to ensure your invention is novel and not already patented. This step helps you avoid potential legal issues and refine your invention to increase its patentability.
  1. Prepare a Detailed Patent Application: Your patent application must detail every aspect of your invention, including its structure, function, and potential uses. This often consists of a detailed description, claims defining the scope of protection, and any necessary drawings or schematics.
  1. Select the Appropriate countries and Filing Route: For international patents, you can either file separate national applications in each country where protection is sought,  use the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) system or use regional systems like the EPO (Europe), GCC (Gulf Coast Countries), etc. The PCT allows you to file a single international application, which can later be converted into national applications in PCT member states.  Not all countries participate in the PCT so it is important to consult a patent attorney prior to international filings.
  1. Submit the Patent Application: Depending on the chosen route, submit your patent application to the relevant national or international patent office. Ensure that all required documents are included and that you meet the submission deadlines to avoid delays or rejections.
  1. Undergo the Examination Process: After submission, your application will be examined by patent offices to verify the invention’s novelty, inventiveness, and industrial applicability. This process may include responding to examiner queries, making necessary amendments, and overcoming any objections.
  1. Enter the National Phase: If using the PCT route, after the international phase, you must enter the national phase in each desired country within a specific time frame. This involves translating your application into the requisite languages and paying applicable fees.
  1. Maintain and Enforce Your Patent: Once granted, maintaining your patent involves paying regular maintenance or renewal fees in each country. Additionally, being vigilant about enforcing your patent rights is crucial to prevent unauthorized use and infringement.

By following these steps, you can navigate the international patent filing process more effectively, ensuring comprehensive protection for your innovation on a global scale.

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) plays a critical role in simplifying the process of securing patent protection across multiple countries. Established in 1970 and administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the PCT was created to streamline and harmonize the procedure for filing patents internationally. Before its inception, inventors and companies had to file separate patent applications in each country where they sought protection, a time-consuming and costly endeavor.

The PCT offers a unified procedure that allows applicants to submit a single international patent application for most countries in the world, which is then evaluated for compliance and subsequently reviewed by individual national or regional patent and trademark office based on their rules and regulations. This system significantly reduces the administrative burden, costs, and complexity associated with securing international patents.

By filing a PCT application, inventors can seek protection in over 150 contracting states simultaneously, providing robust and harmonized patent coverage across the globe. The PCT not only facilitates the initial filing but also assists in securing preliminary examination reports, which can gauge the potential patentability of an invention before national or regional patent offices conduct their assessments.

In summary, the PCT was founded to offer a more efficient and cost-effective means of obtaining international patent protection. It mitigates the need for multiple separate filings and provides a single, streamlined process, thereby safeguarding innovations in multiple jurisdictions with greater ease.

Key Considerations When Filing for International Patent Applications

When filing for international patent applications, several factors need careful consideration. First, timing is crucial. Most countries have a “first-to-file” system, meaning the first person to file a patent application for an invention has priority over others. Therefore, it’s important to file as soon as possible to secure your rights.

Second, it’s important to recognize that not all countries enforce or even have patent laws. In some regions, the lack of robust intellectual property regulations can leave your invention vulnerable to being copied or exploited without any legal repercussions. Countries with weak or non-existent patent enforcement create significant risks, especially for businesses looking to operate or expand internationally.

When strategizing for patent protection, emphasizing the importance of securing patents in jurisdictions with strong enforcement mechanisms is crucial. Countries with well-established intellectual property laws, like the United States, European Union member states, Japan, and others, offer reliable protections and provide legal frameworks to address infringement. By securing patents in these jurisdictions, you can safeguard your invention in markets that have a significant impact on your business.

However, it’s also essential to evaluate the potential value of patent protection in countries where enforcement might be weaker. In these cases, businesses should consider other methods of protection, such as trade secrets, technological advancements, and partnering with local entities to mitigate risks. Additionally, staying informed about international treaties and agreements that might impact patent laws and enforcement in different countries can help you adapt your protection strategy as needed.

How to Protect Your Inventions Globally

Protecting your inventions globally requires a strategic approach. Start by conducting a comprehensive patent search to ensure your idea is unique. This step helps identify potential obstacles and strengthens your patent application.

Next, decide on the countries where you need protection. Consider markets where you plan to commercialize your invention and where potential competitors operate. Filing in strategic countries maximizes the value of your patent portfolio.

Seeking professional assistance from patent attorneys or agents is highly recommended. They can guide you through the complexities of international patent system, ensuring your applications meet all requirements and deadlines.

Common Patent Offices

When navigating the international patent landscape, it is crucial to understand the roles and functions of some of the most prominent patent offices around the world. These offices not only examine and grant patents but also provide valuable resources and support for inventors seeking protection for their innovations.

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is a federal agency responsible for granting U.S. patents and registering trademarks. Established in 1790, the USPTO examines patent applications to ensure they meet the legal requirements for patentability, including novelty, non-obviousness, and utility. The USPTO’s database provides a wealth of information on existing patents and published patent applications, which can be indispensable for conducting prior art searches. Additionally, the office offers various resources and guidance for applicants, making it a critical entity in the U.S. patent system.

European Patent Office (EPO)

The European Patent Office (EPO) is one of the largest and most influential patent offices globally. It grants European patents under the European Patent Convention (EPC), allowing inventors to secure patent protection in up to 38 member states with a single application. The EPO is renowned for its rigorous examination process and high quality of granted patents. It also offers services like the European Patent Register and Espacenet, a free online database providing access to millions of patent documents worldwide. The EPO plays a pivotal role in promoting innovation and supporting the protection of inventions across Europe.

Japan Patent Office (JPO)

The Japan Patent Office (JPO) is the governmental body responsible for overseeing patent and trademark registration in Japan. The JPO examines patent applications to determine whether they fulfill the requirements for patentability, such as novelty and inventive step. Japan’s patent system is known for its efficiency and thorough examination procedures. The JPO also offers various services to inventors, including access to patent information and support programs, making it an essential institution for those seeking patent protection in Japan.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) administers the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), offering a unified procedure for filing international patent applications. While WIPO itself does not grant patents, it plays a crucial role in coordinating international patent protection through the PCT system. WIPO’s resources, including its extensive database and educational programs, support inventors and patent professionals in navigating the complexities of international patent law.

China’s National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA)

The China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA) is the authority responsible for patent examination and granting in China. In recent years, China has seen a substantial increase in patent filings, making CNIPA one of the world’s busiest patent offices. CNIPA evaluates patent applications based on criteria like novelty and inventive step, similar to other major patent offices. As China’s market continues to grow, securing patent protection through CNIPA is becoming increasingly important for businesses and inventors worldwide.

Understanding the functions and services of these prominent patent offices can significantly aid in devising an effective global patent strategy. By leveraging the resources and expertise of these institutions, inventors can better protect their innovations on an international scale.

Future Trends in International Patent Law

The landscape of international patent law is continually evolving. Staying informed about future trends is crucial for inventors and startups. One notable trend is the increasing emphasis on harmonization of patent laws across different countries. Efforts are being made to simplify procedures and reduce discrepancies, making it easier for inventors to seek global protection.

Another trend is the rise of digital and AI-driven innovations. As technology advances, patent offices are adapting to handle new types of inventions. Understanding how these changes impact the patent process can give you a competitive edge.

Lastly, sustainability and green technologies are gaining prominence. Many countries are offering incentives for patents related to environmentally friendly innovations. If your invention falls into this category, exploring these opportunities can provide additional benefits.


In conclusion, securing international patents is a vital step for inventors and startups aiming to protect their innovations on a global scale. By understanding the intricacies of the international patent process, considering key factors, and learning from successful strategies, you can safeguard your intellectual property effectively.

Remember, the world of patents can be complex, but you’re not alone. Seeking professional guidance and staying informed about future trends will empower you to make informed decisions. Protecting your innovation is an investment in your future success.

Ready to take the next step? Explore our resources and connect with experts who can guide you through the international patent process. Your innovation deserves the best protection—start your patent journey today!

Looking to Patent and Invention?

Please contact Arlen Olsen at Schmeiser, Olsen & Watts LLP at   

About the Author 

Mr. Olsen, a former adjunct professor of intellectual property law, has over 25 years of experience in all aspects of intellectual property law. Mr. Olsen is a founding Partner of Schmeiser, Olsen & Watts LLP and a former United States Patent Examiner. Mr. Olsen has prosecuted numerous patents that have been litigated and received damages in excess of $60 million dollars. Additional activities include teaching seminars and appearing as a guest lecturer on intellectual property matters for corporations and educational institutions and evaluating and consulting with clients regarding the scope, enforcement and protection of intellectual property rights.